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References

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  • Human rights (general)
  • Law (general)
  • International law
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English
  • extra-legal execution term
  • extrajudicial killing synonym
  • extrajudicial execution synonym
  • extra-legal killing synonym
Definition Killings committed -- e.g., by vigilante groups or secret government agents--outside judicial or legal process -- that is, in contravention of, or simply without, due process of law. Remark
Example: the killing by government agents of "civilians" on the grounds that they are suspected of being terrorists or of abetting terrorists, or, say, of being leaders of illicit drug cartels. Such killing is condemned by international law.

As defined in the US Torture Victim Protection Act of 1991, Section 3 (a): "A deliberated killing not authorized by a previous judgment pronounced by a regularly constituted court affording all the judicial guarantees which are recognized as indispensable by civilized peoples. Such term, however, does not include any such killing that, under international law, is lawfully carried out under the authority of a foreign nation."

A distinction is made between the killing of enemy soliders, who because they are combatants are not considered entitled to due process, and the killing of people who are not declared combatants. Only the latter qualifies as "extrajudicial killing". This has led to considerable debate regarding specific instances of the killings of leaders of political groups.

Extrajudicial: done outside of a court's jurisdiction; not founded upon or dependent upon the authority of a court.

Note: In certain circumstances, an extra-legal execution is also an arbitrary execution.

Variant hyphenation: extralegal execution; extralegal killing; extra legal execution; extralegal killing; extra-judicial execution; extra-judicial killing; extra judicial execution; extra judicial killing
Sources:
  1. E: "The Human Rights Situation In Ethiopia", Seventh Report, 26 Aug 1994: http://www.ethiopians.com/rep07.html ;
  2. E 4:S/2006/1019, para 44 (22 Dec 2006);

French
  • exécution extrajudiciaire term

Spanish
  • ejecución extrajudicial term
    Source: S: Recopil. STS (consultado en diciembre de 2009);

Russian
  • внезаконные казни, внесудебные казни term

Chinese
  • 法外处决 term
  • 未经司法程序的杀人 synonym
  • 法外杀人 synonym

Arabic
  • إعدام بغير محاكمة term
  • إعدام خارج نطاق القانون synonym
  • إعدام خارج القضاء/اختصاص المحاكم synonym
  • إعدام خارج عن القانون synonym
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